Step by Step






Credit Hours: CME 1.25

Target Audience:

This activity is directed to physicians who take care of hospitalized children, medical students, nurse practitioners, and physician assistants working in the emergency room, intensive care unit, or hospital wards.

Educational Objectives:

Upon completion of this activity, participants should be able to:

  • Review the pediatric community acquired pneumonia guidelines.
  • Review when blood cultures are appropriate in managing inpatient pneumonia.
  • Review the micro-biological causes of community acquired pneumonia for the pediatric inpatient.

There is no educational content to this course. This course is designed to only administer the post-test and collect CME evaluations for the podcast associated with this training.

Suggested Additional Reading:

  1. Bradley J, Byington C, Shah SS, et al. The Management of Community-Acquired Pneumonia in Infants and Children Older Than 3 Months of Age: Clinical Practice Guidelines by the Pediatric Infectious Diseases Society and the Infectious Diseases Society of America. Pediatrics. December 2011, VOLUME 128 / ISSUE 6.
  2. Shah S, Bachur R, Simel D, Neuman M. Does this Child Have Pneumonia? The Rational Clinical Examination Systematic Review. JAMA. 2017;318 (5):462-471.
  3. Iroh Tam PY, Bernstein E, Ma X, Ferrieri P. Blood Culture in Evaluation of Pediatric Community-Acquired Pneumonia: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis. Hosp Pediatr 2015;5:324-36pn.
  4. Jain S, Williams D, Arnold S, et al. Community-Acquired Pneumonia Requiring Hospitalization among U.S. Children. NEJM. Vol 372; No 9. Feb 26, 2015.
  5. Stockman C, Ampofo K, Killpack J, Williams D, et al. Procalitonin Accurately Identifies Hospitalized Children With Low Risk of Bacterial Community-Acquired Pneumonia. J Pediatric Infect Dis Soc. 2017 Feb 3.
  6. Neuman M, Hall M, Lipsett S, Hersh A, Williams D, et al. Utility of Blood Culture Among Children Hospitalized with Community-Acquired Pneumonia. Pediatrics. Aug 23, 2017. Vol 140, No 3.
  7. Williams D. Do all Children Hospitalized with Community Acquired Pneumonia Require Blood Cultures? Hospital Pediatrics. April 2013. Vol 3, Issue 2.
  8. Williams D, Shah S. Community-Acquired Pneumonia in the Conjugate Vaccine Era. Journal of the Pediatric Infectious Diseases Society. Volume 1, Issue 4, 1 December 2012.
  9. McCulloh RJ, Patel K. Recent developments in pediatric community-acquired pneumonia. Curr Infect Dis Rep. 2016 May;18(5):14. PMID26960931
  10. McCulloh RJ. Targeted blood culture testing in pediatric community-acquired pneumonia. J Pediatr. 2016 May;172:224-7.

Samir S. Shah, MD, MSCE — Director, Division of Hospital Medicine Attending Physician, Division of Hospital Medicine, The ChildrenÂ’s Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, PA.
No relationships with industry relevant to the content of this educational activity have been disclosed.
Tony R. Tarchichi MD — Assistant Professor, Department of Pediatrics, Children's Hospital of Pittsburgh of the University of Pittsburgh Medical Center (UPMC) Paul C . Gaffney Diagnostic Referral Group
No relationships with industry relevant to the content of this educational activity have been disclosed.
Authors disclosure of relevant financial relationships with any entity producing, marketing, re-selling, or distributing health care goods or services, used on, or consumed by, patients is listed above. No other planners, members of the planning committee, content reviewers and/or anyone else in a position to control the content of this education activity have relevant financial relationships to disclose.

The University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education (ACCME) to provide continuing medical education for physicians.

The University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine designates this enduring material for a maximum of 1.25 AMA PRA Category 1 Credits. Each physician should only claim credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity.

The University of Pittsburgh is an affirmative action, equal opportunity institution.