Step by Step






Credit Hours: CME 1.00

Target Audience:

This activity is directed to physicians who take care of hospitalized children, medical students, nurse practitioners, and physician assistants working in the emergency room, intensive care unit, or hospital wards.

Educational Objectives:

Upon completion of this activity, participants should be able to:

  • Review pathophysiology of adult Congestive Heart Failure.
  • Review Clinical presentation of adult congestive heart failure.
  • Review differential diagnosis and inpatient treatment of exacerbations of adult congestive heart failure.


    There is no educational content to this course. This course is designed to only administer the post-test and collect CME evaluations for the podcast associated with this training.

Suggested Additional Reading:

  1. Wu A. Heart Failure. Ann Intern Med. 2018;168: ITC81 ITC96. doi:
  2. 2017 ACC/AHA/HFSA Focused Update of the 2013 ACCF/AHA Guideline for the Management of Heart Failure. Clyde W. Yancy, Mariell Jessup, Biykem Bozkurt, Javed Butler, Donald E. Casey, Monica M. Colvin, Mark H. Drazner, Gerasimos S. Filippatos, Gregg C. Fonarow, Michael M. Givertz, Steven M. Hollenberg, JoAnn Lindenfeld, Frederick A. Masoudi, Patrick E. McBride, Pamela N. Peterson, Lynne Warner Stevenson, Cheryl Westlake. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2017 Aug, 70 (6) 776-803.
  3. 2019 ACC Expert Consensus Decision Pathway on Risk Assessment, Management, and Clinical Trajectory of Patients Hospitalized With Heart Failure. Steven M. Hollenberg, Lynne Warner Stevenson, Tariq Ahmad, Vaibhav J. Amin, Biykem Bozkurt, Javed Butler, Leslie L. Davis, Mark H. Drazner, James N. Kirkpatrick, Pamela N. Peterson, Brent N. Reed, Christopher L. Roy, Alan B. Storrow. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2019 Oct, 74 (15) 1966-2011.

Nathan McConkey DO — Fellow in Cardiology/Electrophysiology, Penn State Hershey
No relationships with industry relevant to the content of this educational activity have been disclosed.
Tony R. Tarchichi MD — Assistant Professor, Department of Pediatrics, Children's Hospital of Pittsburgh of the University of Pittsburgh Medical Center (UPMC.) Paul C . Gaffney Diagnostic Referral Group
No relationships with industry relevant to the content of this educational activity have been disclosed.
No other members of the planning committee, speakers, presenters, authors, content reviewers and/or anyone else in a position to control the content of this education activity have relevant financial relationships with any companies whose primary business is producing, marketing, selling, re-selling, or distributing healthcare products used by or on patients.

This activity is approved for AMA PRA Category 1 Creditâ„¢

The University of Pittsburgh is an affirmative action, equal opportunity institution.