Step by Step






Credit Hours: 0.75

Target Audience:

This activity is directed to physicians who take care of hospitalized children, medical students, nurse practitioners, and physician assistants working in the emergency room, intensive care unit, or hospital wards.

Educational Objectives:

Upon completion of this activity, participants should be able to:

  • Review the types of Pediatric mental health admissions that have increased during the pandemic.
  • Discuss how the pandemic can and has affected the mental health of children.
  • Review de-escalation techniques for an agitated and/or aggressive inpatient pediatric psychiatric patient. 

There is no educational content to this course. This course is designed to only administer the post-test and collect CME evaluations for the podcast associated with this training.

Suggested Additional Reading & Joint Accreditation Statement:

  1. Thomas H. Chun, Sharon E. Mace, Emily R. Katz, AMERICAN ACADEMY OF PEDIATRICS, COMMITTEE ON PEDIATRIC EMERGENCY MEDICINE, AND AMERICAN COLLEGE OF EMERGENCY PHYSICIANS, PEDIATRIC EMERGENCY MEDICINE COMMITTEE. Evaluation and Management of Children and Adolescents With Acute Mental Health or Behavioral Problems. Part I: Common Clinical Challenges of Patients With Mental Health and/or Behavioral Emergencies. Pediatrics Sep 2016, 138 (3) e20161570; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2016-1570
  2. Thomas H. Chun, Sharon E. Mace, Emily R. Katz, AMERICAN ACADEMY OF PEDIATRICS Committee on Pediatric Emergency Medicine, AMERICAN COLLEGE OF EMERGENCY PHYSICIANS Pediatric Emergency Medicine Committee. Evaluation and Management of Children With Acute Mental Health or Behavioral Problems. Part II: Recognition of Clinically Challenging Mental Health Related Conditions Presenting With Medical or Uncertain Symptoms. Pediatrics Sep 2016, 138 (3) e20161573; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2016-1573
  3. Fiona B. McEnany, Olutosin Ojugbele, Julie R. Doherty, Jennifer L. McLaren, JoAnna K. Leyenaar. Pediatric Mental Health Boarding. Pediatrics Oct 2020, 146 (4) e20201174; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2020-1174
  4. Leeb RT, Bitsko RH, Radhakrishnan L, Martinez P, Njai R, Holland KM. Mental Health–Related Emergency Department Visits Among Children Aged <18 Years During the COVID-19 Pandemic — United States, January 1–October 17, 2020. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep 2020;69:1675–1680. DOI: icon.
  5. Holland KM, Jones C, Vivolo-Kantor AM, et al. Trends in US Emergency Department Visits for Mental Health, Overdose, and Violence Outcomes Before and During the COVID-19 Pandemic. JAMA Psychiatry. Published online February 03, 021. doi:10.1001/jamapsychiatry.2020.4402

Joint Accreditation Statement: This statement supersedes all other accreditation statements on this page.
In support of improving patient care, the University of Pittsburgh is jointly accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education (ACCME) and the Accreditation Council for Pharmacy Education (ACPE), and the American Nurses Credentialing Center (ANCC), to provide continuing education for the healthcare team.

The University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine designates this enduring material activity for a maximum of 0.75 AMA PRA Category 1 CreditsTM. Physicians should only claim credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity.

Other health care professionals will receive a certificate of attendance confirming the number of contact hours commensurate with the extent of participation in this activity.

Cristin McDermott, MD — Assistant Professor in the Dept of Pediatrics and Psychiatry at the University of Pittsburgh
No relationships with industry relevant to the content of this educational activity have been disclosed.
No other members of the planning committee, speakers, presenters, authors, content reviewers and/or anyone else in a position to control the content of this education activity have relevant financial relationships with any companies whose primary business is producing, marketing, selling, re-selling, or distributing healthcare products used by or on patients.

The University of Pittsburgh is an affirmative action, equal opportunity institution.