Step by Step






Credit Hours: CME 0.75

Target Audience:

This activity is directed to physicians who take care of hospitalized children, medical students, nurse practitioners, and physician assistants working in the emergency room, intensive care unit, or hospital wards.

Educational Objectives:

Upon completion of this activity, participants should be able to:

  • Review the current literature on infants under 90 days of life, outside of the newborn period, who present with hypothermia.
  • Discuss the differences in definitions of hypothermia in the pediatric literature.
  • Review what presenting symptoms make a patient with hypothermia more likely to have a serious bacterial infection, according to the current literature.
There is no educational content to this course. This course is designed to only administer the post-test and collect CME evaluations for the podcast associated with this training.

Suggested Additional Reading & Joint Accreditation Statement: This statement supercedes any other statement on this page:

Suggested Additional Reading:

  1. Ramgopal S, Walker LW, Vitale MA, Nowalk AJ. Factors associated with serious bacterial infections in infants ≤60 days with hypothermia in the emergency department. Am J Emerg Med. 2019. Jun;37(6):1139-1143. doi: 10.1016/j.ajem.2019.04.015. Epub 2019 Apr 11. PMID: 31006603.
  2. Ramgopal S, Noorbakhsh KA, Pruitt CM, Aronson PL, Alpern ER, Hickey RW. Outcomes of Young Infants with Hypothermia Evaluated in the Emergency Department. J Pediatr. 2020 Jun;221:132-137.e2. doi: 10.1016/j.jpeds.2020.03.002. PMID: 32446472.
  3. Perry MC, Yaeger SK, Noorbakhsh K, Cruz AT, Hickey RW. Hypothermia in Young Infants: Frequency and Yield of Sepsis Workup. Pediatr Emerg Care. 2018 Nov 12:10.1097/PEC.0000000000001674. doi: 10.1097/PEC.0000000000001674. Epub ahead of print. PMID: 30422948; PMCID: PMC6511495.
  4. Kasmire KE, Vega C, Bennett NJ, Laurich VM. Hypothermia: A Sign of Sepsis in Young Infants in the Emergency Department? Pediatr Emerg Care. 2021 Mar 1;37(3):e124-e128. doi: 10.1097/PEC.0000000000001539. PMID: 30113435.
Joint Accreditation Statement
In support of improving patient care, the University of Pittsburgh is jointly accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education (ACCME) and the Accreditation Council for Pharmacy Education (ACPE), and the American Nurses Credentialing Center (ANCC), to provide continuing education for the healthcare team.

The University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine designates this enduring material activity for a maximum of 0.75 AMA PRA Category 1 Credit[s]™. Physicians should only claim credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity. This educational activity is approved for 1.0 contact hours.

Other health care professionals will receive a certificate of attendance confirming the number of contact hours commensurate with the extent of participation in this activity. 

Andrew J. Nowalk, MD, PhD — Associate Professor of Pediatrics
Clinical Director of Infectious Diseases, UPMC Children's Hospital of Pittsburgh
Co-Director, Pediatrics Residency Program, UPMC Children's Hospital of Pittsburgh
No relationships with industry relevant to the content of this educational activity have been disclosed.
Tony R. Tarchichi, MD — Assistant Professor, Department of Pediatrics, Children's Hospital of Pittsburgh of the University of Pittsburgh Medical Center (UPMC.) Paul C. Gaffney Diagnostic Referral Group
No relationships with industry relevant to the content of this educational activity have been disclosed.
No other members of the planning committee, speakers, presenters, authors, content reviewers and/or anyone else in a position to control the content of this education activity have relevant financial relationships with any companies whose primary business is producing, marketing, selling, re-selling, or distributing healthcare products used by or on patients.

This activity is approved for AMA PRA Category 1 Credit™

The University of Pittsburgh is an affirmative action, equal opportunity institution.